Linux Commands – Command Description
cat [filename] Display file’s contents to the standard output device (usually your monitor). cd /directorypath Change to directory. chmod [options] mode filename Change a file’s permissions. chown [options] filename Change who owns a file. clear Clear a command line screen/window for a fresh start. cp [options] source destination Copy files and directories. date [options] Display or set the system date and time. df [options] Display used and available disk space. du [options] Show how much space each file takes up. file [options] filename Determine what type of data is within a file. find [pathname] [expression] Search for files matching a provided pattern. grep [options] pattern [filesname] Search files or output for a particular pattern. kill [options] pid Stop a process. If the process refuses to stop, use kill -9 pid. less [options] [filename] View the contents of a file one page at a time. ln [options] source [destination] Create a shortcut. locate filename Search a copy of your filesystem for the specified filename. lpr [options] Send a print job. ls [options] List directory contents. man [command] Display the help information for the specified command. mkdir [options] directory Create a new directory. mv [options] source destination Rename or move file(s) or directories. passwd [name [password]] Change the password or allow (for the system administrator) to change any password. ps [options] Display a snapshot of the currently running processes. pwd Display the pathname for the current directory. rm [options] directory Remove (delete) file(s) and/or directories. rmdir [options] directory Delete empty directories. ssh [options] user@machine Remotely log in to another Linux machine, over the network. Leave an ssh session by typing exit. su [options] [user [arguments]] Switch to another user account. tail [options] [filename] Display the last n lines of a file (the default is 10). tar [options] filename Store and extract files from a tarfile (.tar) or tarball (.tar.gz or .tgz). top Displays the resources being used on your system. Press q to exit. touch filename Create an empty file with the specified name. who [options] Display who is logged on.